Evidence of human inhabitation has been found in Les Baux-de-Provence dating from 6000 B.C.
In the Middle Ages, this site became stronghold of a feudal power that controlled 79 surrounding towns and villages. The fortress was built from the 11th to the 13th centuries and covered a huge seven hectares area. The princes of Les Baux controlled Provence for many years and earned a fearsome reputation. The fortress has had a turbulent history and was attacked on many occasions.